Water leaks from plumbing fixtures, fittings, and pipes cause a significant amount of water waste in many households. According to research, a single household can lose up to 20,000 gallons (76m3) of water per year as a result of leaks. Some leaks such as leaking water heaters and dripping faucets are visible, while others can go for years without being detected because the source of the leak cannot be seen. If you need to check for leaks in your home, here is some useful information on how to go about it and how you can repair it.
Toilet leaks. Toilets are probably the most common source of leaks in the home. Because the leaks are often silent and out of view, they can go unnoticed for quite a long time. However, large toilet leaks can be detected when the valve persistently emits a gurgling or hissing sound when the toilet is not being used. When checking for a leak, you will need to remove the tank lid and check the flush mechanisms. The water level in the tank should not be higher than about an inch below the overflow tube. If it at the top of the overflow tube, it means that water is leaking through the tube and down the drain. This means that either the float is damaged hindering it from shutting off the refill valve, the refill valve is worn out and needs to be replaced, or the water level is adjusted too high. To check if water leaks through the flapper valve, you can perform a simple die test. Put food coloring in the water tank to give the water color, and if it appears in the toilet bowl in a few minutes, then the valve is faulty. Any of these damaged or worn out apparatus can easily be replaced.
Tub, shower, and faucet leaks. Faucet leaks are quite common in many households and are easy to repair. A faucet that drips at one drop every two seconds wastes more than 1000 gallons of water per year. In repairs that are necessary to halt the leak depend on the type of faucet you have. The most common types are ball types, ceramic discs, cartridge types and compression valve, each with a unique way of repair. If you are accustomed to making minor repairs and know your way with tools, then a small faucet leak should not be a big task. However, if you are unfamiliar with repairing, call in a professional to have a look at the leak.
Water supply line leaks. These are leaks that occur in the water supply line between the meter and the home. These leaks are the most difficult to detect as supply pipes are buried beneath the ground. If your meter box contains water that is not as a result of rain, there might be a leak in your water supply line. Another common area where water leakage is most likely to occur is where the supply pipe rises above the ground and enters the house. If the area is constantly damp, it might indicate a leak. Before any repair is attempted on the water supply pipe, you should contact the water utility. A professional plumber should always do the repair work, and the homeowner should never try to do it.
Constantly check for any water leakages in your house and repair them as soon as possible. This will help you significantly reduce the loss of water and also save you a lot of money in the long run.